The Society is proud to have a team of distinguished Instructors.
FOAJ instructors create an outstanding professional faculty. Our instructors are real-world practitioners with a variety of experience and knowledgethat they apply and teach in class.
|Colin Baile||Robert Breaker|
|Julie M. Durette||Debra Fendrick|
|Leila Gosselin||Nancy Hack|
|Dolores Herman||Deborah Howes|
|Narmin Ismail-Teja||Frances Peck|
|Sheldon Toner||Anne Wallace, Q.C.|
|Adrian Wright||Archie Zariski|
Colin Baile, CTAJ™
Colin has been involved with administrative justice in the North for over thirty years. He has served as Chair of several administrative tribunals including the NWT & NU Workers’ Compensation Appeals Tribunal, NWT Liquor Licensing Board, NWT Assessment Appeal Tribunal and Rental Office. He has also served as a member on tribunals such as the NWT Human Rights Commission, Employment Standards Appeal Adjudication, NWT Human Rights Adjudication Panel, and professional associations’ discipline Boards of Inquiry.
Taking an active role, Colin has made several presentations to the NWT Legislative Assembly on various administrative justice issues such as administrative justice reform and Ombuds legislation.
In addition to adjudicating administrative matters, Colin’s private practice includes represented individuals before various tribunals, provided mentorship to several decision-making bodies, and developing policies and procedures for tribunals. He is also a trained and experienced facilitator and mediator.
Colin is presently on the Board of Directors for the Canadian Council of Administrative Tribunals, and is an instructor with the Foundation of Administrative Justice in Alberta.
Robert Breaker was born and raised on the Siksika Nation in traditional Blackfoot Territory within southern Alberta. With his B.Ed., Mr. Breaker began his career with 18 years as an educator in Alberta and Saskatchewan, fulfilling his roles of teacher, vice-principal, principal and education director.
With the establishment of his own consulting company, Breaker & Associates Consultants Ltd. (1992), he facilitated educational and management services for First Nations’ communities throughout western Canada. From 1993 to 1996, he served as the Executive Director of the Yellowhead Tribal Council in Treaty 6 territory in Alberta. He served as a ‘Treaty 6 Bilateral Process’ technician. Returning to Siksika Nation, he was elected Chief for the Siksika Nation. He actively participated in the Treaty 7 Bilateral Process. He held the education portfolio for the Treaty 7 Tribal Council, and served on the Chiefs’ Summit of Alberta Steering Committee.
In 1998, Robert became the Aboriginal Leadership & Management Program Director at The Banff Centre and developed/delivered programs he designed for the professional development of Aboriginal leaders and managers within Canada. In December 2002, he was hired as the Tribal Manager for the 6,000 member Siksika Nation. In his role, Robert was responsible for managing an $85 million budget with more than 640 staff.
Robert is currently a private consultant in strategic and business planning, performance measurements, team building, board development and policy development. He is a certified facilitator, mediator and arbitrator. He currently serves on the Persons with Development Disabilities Appeal Panel within the Alberta Government. Robert currently serves on The Banff Centre Board of Governors, Sunrise Native Addictions Society Board of Directors and Auditor General of Canada First Nation Advisory Committee.
Julie M. Durette, CTAJ™
Julie is a fluently bilingual lawyer with over 30 years of experience in the private and public sector.
Julie practiced law in NB for over 17 years. During that time, she acquired extensive experience as an arbitrator/adjudicator appointed pursuant to various collective agreements. She also conducted and heard numerous applications and complaints as a part-time Alternate Chair of the NB Employment Standard Board and later as Vice Chair of the NB Labour and Employment Board.
In 2000, Julie was appointed full-time Vice-Chair of the Canada Industrial Relations Board (CIRB). In this position (2000 – 2007), Julie’s responsibilities included conducting and directing, adjudicative, meditative and consultative processes that resolved important industrial and labour relations disputes in the federal sector. She has issued decisions in many significant cases before the CIRB. Julie has heard cases across the country either sitting alone or as a Chair of a panel. She has a solid reputation for conducting hearings, adjudicating and resolving matters in a fair manner. She has strong interpersonal skills and has demonstrated the consistent ability to work both independently and to seek consensus, where appropriate.
From 2008 to 2013, Julie held the position of General Counsel/Judicial Conduct with the Canadian Judicial Council. She ensured the efficient management and investigation of complaints relating to judicial conduct and ethics in regard to federally appointed judges. In this regard, Julie provided legal opinions and recommendations of high quality on a number of complex and sensitive issues.
Julie is a guest lecturer at the University of Ottawa Law School where she has taught the Administrative Law course in the French Common Law Program.
Julie has been a member of the Canadian Bar Association and New Brunswick Law Society for over 30 years. She is also a member of the Foundation of Administrative Justice and the Ontario Labour Management Arbitrators Association.
Debra Fendrick is a Yukon based mediator and investigator having previously practiced law in the private sector for over 30 years. Originally from the Yukon, Debra obtained her university education in B.C. and Alberta. She graduated from the University of Alberta with her law degree in 1987 and after articling in Vancouver, returned to the Yukon in 1988. Debra was a lawyer and partner with the Whitehorse firm Austring Fendrick and Fairman from 1988 until 2019.
During her legal career, Debra practiced in all areas of civil litigation with a focus on plaintiff’s personal injury law, employment disputes, administrative proceedings and First Nations law.
Debra appeared frequently in cases before the Yukon Supreme Court and Court of Appeal. In 2019, Debra’s work as a lawyer was recognized when she became the inaugural recipient of the Justice Leigh Gower award which recognizes a resident member of the Yukon bar who has made notable contributions to both the legal and larger community in the Yukon.
In addition to her courtroom work, Debra appeared as legal counsel for clients before numerous tribunals and administrative agencies. In recent years, Debra has been the lawyer for several boards and tribunals including the Human Rights Panel of Adjudicators, the Workers Compensation Appeal Tribunal, the Yukon Water Board, the Child Care Board, the Yukon Review Board, the Ta’an Kwach’an Judicial Council and the Yukon Judicial Council.
Debra has a keen interest in administrative law, having provided training to boards and agencies for over two decades, most recently through the Foundation of Administrative Justice (FOAJ) organization.
Debra enjoys the dynamic and evolving nature of administrative justice proceedings and working one on one with decision makers.
Since April of 2019, Debra has transitioned into her second career as a mediator and investigator. She is also now able to devote more time to providing administrative justice training through the FOAJ, which she very much enjoys.
Leila Gosselin, CTAJ™
Ms. Gosselin received her B.A. (Criminology with Distinction 1986), and LL.B. (1989), from the University of Alberta. She articled with The City of Calgary Law Department in 1989 and was admitted to the Alberta Bar in 1990. She received her Chartered Mediator status in January 2000.
Ms. Gosselin started her own firm in 1997 where she focused on employment/labour law and human rights complaints. Ms. Gosselin returned to The City of Calgary in 2000 where she continued to practice administrative law in the areas of: expropriation, assessment (property and business), oil and gas, planning and taxi and limousine regulation as well as municipal law issues. Ms. Gosselin was lead counsel in the successful defense of the City of Calgary in the United Taxi Driver case where the Supreme Court of Canada’s decision resulted in a major shift in the law regarding a municipality’s authority; this case continues to be influential in Canadian municipal law.
Ms. Gosselin’s passion, enthusiasm and natural teaching abilities have translated into a willingness to mentor junior lawyers and others and to volunteer with the CBA. She was a Council member of National CBA for over 10 years. She also served as a member of the Legislation and Law Reform committee of the National CBA and as a member of the CBA Alberta Branch South Legislative Review Committee. She was a member of the CBA Council for the Alberta Branch for a number of years.
In April 2000 Ms. Gosselin Co-Chaired the Alberta Provincial Round Table on Court Annexed Mediation which led to the formation of the Provincial Steering Committee on Court Annexed Mediation. She was then asked to be a member of that Provincial Steering Committee. The work of the Committee resulted in mediation being an integral aspect of the civil court and provisions for mediation were added to the rules of the Court of Queen’s Bench of Alberta.
Ms. Gosselin was a volunteer instructor and evaluator for the Legal Education Society of Alberta for the Canadian Centre for Professional Legal Education (CPLED), the organization that provides the pre-call education for articling students. Ms. Gosselin is an instructor for the Alberta Foundation of Administrative Justice which provides training for administrative tribunal members, their staff and advocates regarding all aspects of administrative law and interpretation of legislation. Ms. Gosselin acted as a principle for articling students for many years. She also mentored lawyers and was recognized by The City of Calgary for her contributions in this area. She has appeared before various administrative boards and tribunals. She has appeared at all levels of court, including 3 cases at the Supreme Court of Canada.
Ms. Gosselin was a Board member of a non-profit organization, Get Real which provides direction and training for teens to enhance their self-esteem. Ms. Gosselin also offers pro bono services to another non-profit organization in Alberta.
Ms. Gosselin retired from the practice of law in 2017 and enjoys spending her time travelling in her RV.
Nancy Hack, CTAJ™
Nancy Hack is a Chartered Mediator, Registered Family Mediator (1997) and received her Certificate in Tribunal Administrative Justice in 2012. She has her Bachelor degree in Education as well. Along with her general private practice, she also mediates for Alberta Dispute Resolution Services, Family Mediation Program; is on the Provincial Police Public Complaints Mediation roster; and was a conciliator for the Albert Human Rights and Citizenship Commission. She was a Member of the Subdivision and Development Appeal Board for the City of Edmonton for 9 years; a Public Member for the Chartered Professional Accountants Disciplinary Appeal Board for 8 years; and is currently a Community Member with the Alberta Transportation Safety Board (2019). Since 1997, Nancy has conducted hundreds of interest-based mediations, conciliations and facilitations involving a broad range of issues. She has been a volunteer mediator for the community and victim-offender programs at the Mediation and Restorative Justice Centre. Currently, Nancy instructs Principles of Administrative Justice for the Foundation of Administrative Justice.
Dolores Herman, CHRP, PCM, CTAJ™
Dolores Herman is a consultant who provides mediation, investigation and facilitation services through High Clouds Incorporated, a Canadian company providing seminar and dispute resolution services. For 19 years Dolores was a Union Representative for the Alberta Union of Provincial Employees and in 2001 took on successive roles within the Calgary Health Region/Alberta Health Services leaving the Director, Employee Relations position in late 2009 to pursue other opportunities. Dolores has been a speaker and instructor at the Alberta Labour Arbitration Conference and is an instructor for the Foundation of Administrative Justice.
Dolores was a Member on the Alberta Labour Relations Board and participated in their hearings and the decision making process. Dolores also served as Board Member, Vice-President and President on the condominium corporation boards in which she has lived, and as a result developed an understanding of the condominium industry and the ability to facilitate and chair meetings with disparate groups to reach consensus. Dolores served on the Calgary Kiwanis Music Festival Board of Directors as Member, Past President and President during a period of significant change and provided leadership at the Board level through strategic planning, the chairing of meetings and the implementation of change management processes to facilitate transition.
Dolores is a certified member of the Human Resources Institute of Alberta and a member of the Alberta Arbitration & Mediation Society; the ADR Institute of Canada Inc.; the Institute of Arbitrators and Mediators, Australia; the Foundation of Administrative Justice; the Human Resources Association of Calgary; the Canadian Industrial Relations Association – Southern Alberta Chapter; and the Canadian Condominium Institute, South Alberta Chapter. Currently Dolores sits on the Board of Directors for the Calgary Family Services Society and is a member of the Human Resources Committee. Dolores is also a member of the Northmount Kiwanis Club and volunteers her time to the Club’s various projects.
Dolores is a graduate of the Institute of Arbitrators and Mediators of Australia Practitioner’s Certificate in Mediation, the Canadian National Labour Mediator Training Program and the Foundation of Administrative Justice Certificate Program. She is currently completing the Alberta Arbitration and Mediation Society Certificate in Conflict Management. Also, Dolores is a Qualified Personality Dimensions Facilitator. Dolores applies Personality Dimensions in workshops that are an interactive human relations and communication process/model that enhance the basic values of self-esteem, dignity and self-worth.
Deborah Howes, B.A., LL.B., ACCI, FCCI, C. Arb., C. Med., CTAJ™, IMI Cert.
Deborah M. Howes is a Chartered Arbitrator and Chartered Mediator and an IMI Certified Mediator. She is the President of High Clouds Incorporated (“HCI”), a Canadian company providing seminars and dispute resolution services.
In addition to her Bachelor of Laws and Bachelor of Arts degrees, Ms. Howes holds Certificates in Arbitration and Conflict Management from the ADR Institute of Alberta and a Certificate in Tribunal Administrative Justice™ from the Foundation of Administrative Justice.
In 1998, Ms. Howes co- founded the Foundation of Administrative Justice (FOAJ), a non-profit society dedicated to training for members and staff of administrative tribunals, and offering the only Certificate in Tribunal Administrative Justice™ for Canadian tribunals. Until December 31, 2014 Ms. Howes was the Executive Director of the Foundation of Administrative Justice. From January 1, 2015 to February 2018, she was the Curriculum Development Coordinator. Today she continues as a curriculum developer and instructor.
Ms. Howes is an active facilitator, arbitrator, mediator, investigator and trainer, with over 30 years’ experience in all aspects of dispute resolution, labour relations, condominium and administrative law. She practices in the areas of condominium, commercial, construction, consumer, municipal, workplace and labour relations. In addition, she consults with and trains administrative tribunals on best practices and governance. She speaks on a variety of topics at local, provincial, national and international events.
Ms. Howes has been appointed by the Alberta courts as arbitrator, investigator and condominium administrator. She is also a condominium insurance trustee. From 2007 to 2014 Ms. Howes served as a part-time member of the Public Service Labour Relations Board. Between 1991 and 2002, she was a Vice Chair with the Alberta Labour Relations Board. Prior to her appointment to the ALRB, Ms. Howes practiced law with the Edmonton firm of Duncan & Craig.
She is the co-author and editor of Labour Relations Legislation: Practitioner’s Manual and Condominium Management 100 – 300. Ms. Howes was an advisor for Alberta Human Resources and Employment on Let’s Talk – a workplace guide to resolving disputes using an interest based model. She has written a number of publications, training programs and articles.
Deborah Howes instructs for many organizations, including High Clouds and the Foundation of Administrative Justice. She is a past member of the Advisory Board to the University of Calgary Arbitration and Policy Conference, and has presented at the Conference as workshop instructor and conference panelist. She was a sessional instructor for the University of Lethbridge and a faculty member the ADR Institute Alberta (formerly the Alberta Arbitration and Mediation Society – AAMS) and the Canadian Condominium Institute (CCI). Deborah is a past national director for the Council of Canadian Administrative Tribunals and served as the National Training Committee chair. She developed and delivered arbitration and mediation training for the Siksika Nation for the nation’s Aiskapimohkiiks Tribunal (administrative tribunal).
Ms. Howes or HCI holds memberships in the Law Society of Alberta; International Mediation Institute; British Columbia International Commercial Arbitration Centre; ADR Institute of Alberta; ADR Institute of Canada Inc.; American Arbitration Association; Canadian Industrial Relations Association (North and South Alberta); Council of Canadian Administrative Tribunals; Foundation of Administrative Justice; Canadian Bar Association; Canadian Condominium Institute and Edmonton Chamber of Commerce.
Narmin is a principal in impact@work inc. Consulting, training and facilitating since 1992, she brings a solid package of commitment, motivation and skills in creating highly effective training and consulting with a depth of experience working across the three sectors.
Her creative style and commitment to working in learner-centered facilitation creates an inclusive, challenging learning environment where participants engage in discussions that utilize the whole brain and lead to transformative learning.
Robert Hayles was an early influence on Narmin’s work. Narmin brings Hayles’ “head, heart, hands” approach to learning environments, whether the topic is strategy, valuing difference, creating efficiency or building trust in work groups and in mentoring relationships. This approach to training ensures participants take their knowledge and commitment and transform these into practical strategies in work practice.
Narmin is a Level II Certified Facilitator for Personality Dimensions, True Colors and DiSC. She also delivers sessions using Career Anchors.
Narmin is an active member of the community. She currently serves as a Senator with University of Calgary, board member with Theatre Calgary and board member of the Ismaili National Social Welfare Board. In addition, her past work has included working with the Aga Khan Agency for Microfinance in Switzerland, as Chair of the Board of YMCA Calgary, as a member on the FOCUS Humanitarian Canada Board, and active volunteer with Famous 5 Foundation, Vertigo Theatre, The Calgary Girls School and a number of other Calgary based organizations.
Frances Peck, MA (English), Certified Professional Editor (Hon.), and partner with West Coast Editorial Associates, is an editor, writer, and instructor with over 25 years’ experience. As a plain language specialist, she has worked with clients from the public, private, and nonprofit sectors on a wide range of material — from investigative reports to annual reports, from decisions to policies, from websites to manuals.
For more than a decade, Frances designed and taught writing/editing workshops for the University of Ottawa’s Centre for Continuing Education. She spent another decade teaching in the Editing Certificate Program at Simon Fraser University. She currently teaches part-time at Douglas College and the University of British Columbia and gives workshops across Canada. Clients she has trained for include the federal Labour Program, FINTRAC, House of Commons, Senate, Transportation Safety Board, BC Ministry of Justice, Financial Institutions Commission of BC, Office of the Auditor General of BC, WorkSafeBC, College of Nurses of Ontario, and College of Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario.
Frances prepared the Canadian edition of The St. Martin’s Workbook, a university-level grammar exercise book; co-authored the popular HyperGrammar website; wrote Peck’s English Pointers, a collection of essays and quizzes available on the Language Portal of Canada; and wrote a regular column for the periodical Language Update.
She is a long-time member of Editors Canada and PLAIN (Plain Language International).
Sheldon Toner, CTAJ™
Sheldon Toner is a resident of Yellowknife, Northwest Territories and has been practicing law in the North since being called to the bar in 1998. He opened Dragon Toner Law Office, with his partner Leanne Dragon, in 2010. The firm now has several associates and operates throughout the Northwest Territories and Nunavut.
Sheldon’s experience includes over nine years as Legal Counsel with the Government of the Northwest Territories (GNWT). He appeared in numerous court and administrative law proceedings, including labour arbitrations, liquor board hearings, income support appeals and the Joint Review Panel hearings for the Mackenzie Gas Project.
Since opening Dragon Toner Law Office, Sheldon’s practice has expanded more widely into the area of administrative law. He has served as counsel to the Employment Standards Appeal Office, conducted numerous workplace investigations for the GNWT, and acted as counsel for Boards of Inquiry of the Registered Nurses Association of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. He has also served as an independent Advisor to the Northwest Territories Minister of Natural Resources, in appeals under the Environmental Protection Act and the Forest Management Act.
The North offers unique challenges and opportunities to make a difference. Sheldon has served as counsel to the Chief Coroners of both the Northwest Territories and Nunavut in a number of recent inquest. This includes inquests concerning deaths in custody, and also a broad systemic inquest into the high rate of suicides in Nunavut. It has been rewarding for all who participated to see how the suicide inquest has increased awareness and mobilization to address a long-standing issue in the territory.
Sheldon has also been a member of the Northwest Territories Human Rights Adjudication Panel (HRAP) since 2012. Since that time, he has mediated several human rights matters, conducted pre-hearing conferences and hearings and written decisions. He has had the opportunity to participate on an inter-agency working group, consisting of members from HRAP, the Director and the Commission, which is currently implementing recommendations from a 2015 Comprehensive Review of the Northwest Territories human rights system. This means ongoing work on legislative reform and policy development.
Anne Wallace, Q.C., CTAJ™
Anne M. Wallace, Q.C. is a lawyer who since 2007 works exclusively as a dispute resolution neutral, instructor and trainer. Wallace is an arbitrator, mediator, adjudicator, investigator and conciliator. She holds both the Chartered Arbitrator and Chartered Mediator designations conferred by the ADR Institute of Canada. In April 2010, she became one of the first seven people (the first in Saskatchewan) to achieve the CTAJ™ (Certificate in Tribunal Administrative Justice™) earned through the Foundation of Administrative Justice. She is an IMI (International Mediation Institute) Certified Mediator.
Wallace’s work includes arbitration, mediation, conciliation and investigations in labour and employment. It also includes personal injury mediation, domain name dispute arbitration, and commercial mediation and arbitration. Wallace is an instructor with the Foundation of Administrative Justice, teaching various topics in the Foundation’s training programs for members and staff of administrative tribunals and for those who appear before tribunals, including labour arbitration boards. She was an adjudicator of Indian residential school claims in both the ADR Process and the Independent Assessment Process. Wallace’s past law practice with Wallace Meschishnick Clackson Zawada included administrative law, industrial relations, employment law, human rights, and civil litigation, including commercial litigation cases.
Wallace is Past President of the ADR Institute of Saskatchewan Inc. and a past Regional Representative and past member at large on the Board of the ADR Institute of Canada Inc. Wallace has been actively involved in the Canadian Bar Association throughout all her years of practice. She was President of the Saskatchewan Branch in 2004-2005. She was a member of the National International Development Committee for many years. She is past Chair of the Canadian Legal Conference Steering Committee. Wallace has also been Chair of the National Continuing Legal Education Committee (1999-2001) and Chair of National Sections Council (1996-97). She was an original member of the Administrative and Labour Law Section (Saskatchewan) in 1984, was Chair of that Section for three years and was Chair of the National Administrative Law Section (1994-95). She has spent many years as a member of Provincial and/or National Council.
Wallace holds an LL.B. with Great Distinction (University of Saskatchewan 1983) and was the gold medallist in her law class. Wallace was appointed Queen’s Counsel in 1999. In 2003, she was awarded the Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal for her contribution to the legal community, the development of the law and the administration of justice in Canada. In 2004, Saskatchewan Business Magazine named Wallace one of Saskatchewan’s Women of Influence. In February 2006, she was awarded the Canadian Bar Association’s National Douglas Miller Award for outstanding dedication and team spirit. In October 2015 she was awarded the ADR Institute of Canada’s National Lionel J. McGowan Award of Excellence in recognition of outstanding contributions to the support, development and success of the ADR Institute of Canada and to the promotion and development of alternative dispute resolution in Canada.
Adrian Wright, CTAJ™
Mr. Adrian Wright resides in Salt Spring Island British Columbia. He practiced as a lawyer in Yellowknife NWT for almost thirty years. Mr. Wright’s sole practice concentrates mainly on the areas of civil litigation and administrative law. He has acted as counsel in matters under the Fair Practices Act and the Human Rights Act, as well as the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Mr. Wright has specific arbitration training, has acted as counsel before many administrative tribunals, and has been involved in a variety of committees with the NWT Law Society and the Canadian Bar Association. In 2008 Adrian was appointed as Chair and Adjudicator for the NWT Human Rights Commission Adjudication Panel and an adjudicator in the Indian residential school’s adjudication process. He has acted for administrative tribunals in a variety of areas including those regulating workers’ compensation, occupational health and safety, professional licensing and conduct. He has been an instructor with the Foundation since 2008.
Associate Professor, Legal Studies Athabasca University / B.A. (Alberta), LL.B. (Alberta), L.M. (York University), Grad. Dip. Higher Education (University of New South Wales)
After receiving his law degree Archie practiced litigation in Edmonton as an associate and partner for 15 years. In 1989 he returned to university and obtained a Masters in Law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School where his thesis concerned theoretical and practical aspects of dispute resolution. In 1991 he joined the faculty of Murdoch University Law School in Perth, Western Australia where he taught in the Law and Legal Studies programs. At Murdoch Professor Zariski designed and coordinated courses in the litigation and dispute resolution areas including Evidence, Negotiation and Mediation. He was trained as a mediator in Australia and Canada and mediated for the Citizens Advice Bureau in Perth. He has also trained mediators for the Institute of Arbitrators and Mediators Australia. After returning to Canada in 2005 he has acted as a volunteer mediator for the Mediation and Restorative Justice Centre in Edmonton and as a Presiding Officer for the City of Edmonton Subdivision and Development Appeal Board. Archie was appointed in 2012 for a three year term as a part time member of the Federal Public Service Staffing Tribunal. He has been a member of the faculty of Athabasca University since 2008 where he teaches Administrative Law amongst other subjects.
Carol’s practice is primarily focused on assisting municipalities and the provincial assessor with property assessment complaints and appeals. Carol also serves as counsel to administrative tribunals helping them with determining a fair hearing procedure and with decision writing. She appears regularly before the Municipal Government Board, Composite Assessment Review Boards and before the Court of Queen’s Bench. Carol has been on the staff of two Boards and a member of two additional Boards. Carol is a Qualified Arbitrator (Q.Arb) which is a national designation. Arbitrators are appointed to solve disputes under commercial contracts, in labour disputes, disputes, family and estate disputes. This allows Carol to use strong skills in fair process and decision writing as an independent neutral adjudicator. Carol is also an instructor with the Foundation of Administrative Justice, and is appointed to the Payment In Lieu of Taxes Federal Tribunal.